ANDROID Android is software using world wide and it is Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touch screen mobile devices such as tablet computers and smart phones. Initially android is developed by Google, then Google backed financially and later purchased in 2005,Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance, it is a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. In October 2008 the first android-powered phone was sold. Android is an open source and Google releases the code under the Apache License. The software will be freely modified and distributed by wireless carriers, device manufacturers and enthusiast developers. This open source code and permissive licencing allows. With that, Android had a large community of software developers writing applications (“apps”) that extend the functionality of devices, with the help of a written customized version of the Java programming language. There were approximately 700,000 apps available for Android, and the estimated number of applications downloaded from Google Play in October 2012.Android’s primary application store, was 25 billion in 2012. These factors allowed Android software to become the world’s most widely used smartphone platform and the software is choose by the technology companies who require a low-cost, customizable, lightweight operating system for high tech devices. During the third quarter of 2012, Android had a worldwide smartphone market share of 75%, with 500 million devices activated in total, 1.3 million activations per day. Between technology companies operating system’s success has made it a target for patent litigation as part of the so-called “Smartphone wars-
DEVELOPMENT OF ANDROID In private android is developed by goggle, the latest updates and changes are ready to be released, at which point the source code is made available publicly. Without modification on select devices this source code will run. RATE OF ADOPTION In the second quarter of 2009 the research company Canalys, estimated that android had a 2.8% share of worldwide Smartphone shipments and .android had a 75% share of the global Smartphone market by the third quarter of 2012 according to the research firm idc. Google said that in july 2011, 550,000 new android devices were being activated every day, up from 400,000 per day in may and more than 100 million devices had been activated with 4.4% growth per week.500 million devices had been activated with 1.3 million activations per day in september 2012.
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